Pseudoexfoliative Glaucoma

Pseudoexfoliative Glaucoma SYMPTOMS Typically asymptomatic In the later or more advanced stages, patients may report visual field loss such as scotomas or tunnel vision. If left untreated, complete blindness can occur If IOP is too high (considered > 40mmHg), patient may experience Ocular pain, Pressure around the eye, Cloudy vision, Nausea, Vomiting, Headache, and Browache…

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Pigment Dispersion Glaucoma

Pigment Dispersion Glaucoma SYMPTOMS Typically asymptomatic In the later or more advanced stages, patients may report visual field loss such as scotomas or tunnel vision. If left untreated, complete blindness can occur If IOP is too high (considered > 40mmHg), patient may experience Ocular pain, Pressure around the eye, Cloudy vision, Nausea, Vomiting, Headache, and…

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Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG)

Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG) SYMPTOMS May be asymptomatic, especially in cases of primary angle closure suspects In the later or more advanced stages of primary angle closure glaucoma, patients may report visual field loss such as scotomas or tunnel vision. If left untreated, complete blindness can occur If IOP is too high (considered >…

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Ocular Hypertension

Ocular Hypertension SYMPTOMS Typically asymptomatic If IOP is too high (considered > 40mmHg), patient may experience Ocular pain, Pressure around the eye, Cloudy vision, Nausea, Vomiting, Headache, and Browache SIGNS Typically bilateral Open angles on Van Herick with no signs of secondary glaucomas Healthy optic nerves with no evidence of glaucomatous damage WORK-UP Pupils (normal),…

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Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG)

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) SYMPTOMS Typically asymptomatic In the later or more advanced stages, patients may report visual field loss such as scotomas or tunnel vision. If left untreated, complete blindness can occur If IOP is too high (considered > 40mmHg), patient may experience Ocular pain, Pressure around the eye, Cloudy vision, Nausea, Vomiting,…

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Optic Nerve Glioma

Optic Nerve Glioma SYMPTOMS Ocular symptoms: Progressive loss of vision (about 85% of patients will have vision loss with about 60% seeing worse than 20/300), Proptosis, Diplopia, Orbital pain Systemic symptoms: Headaches, Vomiting, Nausea SIGNS Typically unilateral Optic nerve edema, Optic nerve hyperemia, Loss of the cup, Blurring of the optic disc margins, Obscurations of…

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Diabetic Papillopathy

Diabetic Papillopathy SYMPTOMS Mild decrease in vision but less commonly may also be asymptomatic SIGNS Can be unilateral or bilateral Mild optic nerve edema, Optic nerve hyperemia, Loss of the cup, Blurring of the optic disc margins, Obscurations of the small vasculature at or around the optic nerve, Thickened and edematous retinal nerve fiber layer,…

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Optic Nerve Drusen

Optic Nerve Drusen SYMPTOMS Typically asymptomatic Less common symptoms include Transient vision loss that lasts for a few seconds, Flickering of lights, Decrease in peripheral vision especially if there is RNFL damage, Central vision loss if a CNVM develops SIGNS Typically bilateral The two types of optic nerve drusen are visible or buried Optic nerve…

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Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION)

Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION) SYMPTOMS Sudden painless vision loss that typically occurs upon wakening (About 50% see 20/40 or better), Loss of color vision (Severity is similar to the degree of vision loss) SIGNS Typically unilateral Segmental optic nerve edema, Optic nerve hyperemia, Loss of the cup, Blurring of the optic disc margins,…

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